1. See Bauer (2010), Nyong’o (2010), Panagia (2010), Halberstam 2012. The online journal Gaga Stigmata regularly features commentary by established and emerging scholars.
2. The exception is Halberstam’s brilliant analysis of Lady Gaga’s “Telephone” video (61–64. See also Halberstam 2010).
3. See, e.g., Cochrane (2010), Williams (2010). For an extended and unusually insightful discussion, see Durbin et al. (2010).
4. See Ariel Levy (2005), Female Chauvinist Pigs, for an intriguing discussion of women’s role in the popularization of “raunch culture.”
5. Written by Stefani Germanotta, Jeppe Larusen, Fernando Garibay, and Paul Blair.
6. Durbin and Halberstam (2012, 138–9) provide an alternate lineage for Lady Gaga to insist that she is pursuing a project that is much more radical in ways than Madonna’s.
7. See Fuss (1989) for a classic discussion of these debates.
8. See Butler for an extended discussion of Beauvoir’s use of the idea of the body as a situation. In Gender Trouble, Butler charges Beauvoir with uncritically assuming the “facticity” of the body, that is, with assuming that the situated body is always already a sexed body.